BioNurse: Generating spaces for life
Food Systems 2015
3rd Place winner
- Project Overview
For agricultural production of food, humans have opened and plowed the vegetation territories to make them friable. This system has taken a lot of fertility, energy and minerals from the mineralization of soils organic matter, which in return has released huge amounts of greenhouse gas CO2 into the atmosphere. By specializing in opening and plowing, we have not perceived the physical, chemical and biological deterioration of soils and their impact on ecosystems.
Our design proposes a change in agricultural food production fundamentals, heading in the path of increasing soil health and vitality. This intends to establish a first step that changes the course of the current Geomimetic Agriculture, which has imitated the concentration of physical, chemical and biological fertility causing cracks and breaks in the soil, to a biomimetic agriculture which emulates nurse plants in biologic communities successions, where the physical, chemical and biological fertility concentration comes from a continuous formation of a vivifying mass which transforms, recycle, composes and decomposes the organic matter and mineral elements, fluffing the ground to make it a real sponge, light and soft, rich in spaces for developing life. Our biologization starts here, in a device named BioNurse, made of a biodegradable container and the appropriate biologic contents for each site, with the following objectives:
· Restore degraded soils carrying: biologically available energy, high and diverse microbiological load, plants with rhizospheres rich in mycorrhizae and detritus generators.
· Create growing levels of food plants community structure with increased complexity and local biodiversity,
· Improve the capacity of moisture retention and accumulation of energy and minerals available to be cycled.